CBD Oil: The Essential Guide
This guide is intended to be an intensive discourse into the subject of CBD oil supplements. We have written this article for consumption by the layperson with little or no knowledge of the issue. It is intended for those who have an interest in either merely finding out more, or who are looking for the best option for themselves or others. For this purpose, we have kept medical and scientific jargon to a minimum, however, we have included explanations for the terms that we have used.
Because the topic of CBD is so vast, we have reduced the length of this mega-article and moved the more detailed information into a number of sub-articles below so that you can more easily process the overview information and delve into the more detailed articles at will.
Cannabidiol, otherwise known as CBD is the active ingredient in CBD oil. It is one of over a hundred compounds found in the cannabis plant that belongs to a class of substances called cannabinoids. Whereas Cannabidiol (CBD) is the cannabinoid that has been found to exhibit many medicinal benefits, Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the cannabinoid that has a psychotropic or intoxicating effect in users.
For a more in-depth discussion on this topic, check out our article What is CBD Oil?
CBD Oil works because it contains a cannabinoid called Cannabidiol (CBD), and the human body contains an Endocannabinoid system, which is a group of cannabinoid receptors located in the brain and throughout the nervous system. Cannabinoids manifest their effects by interacting with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which is responsible for the psychological and physiological effects of cannabinoids.
For a more in-depth discussion on this topic, check out our article How Does CBD Oil Work?
The health benefits of CBD are numerous. It is a wondrous molecule with potent antioxidant, analgesic, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory and antipsychotic effects. It alleviates the cognitive decline associated with ageing, and it also reduces the risk of diabetes.
For a more in-depth discussion on this topic, check out our article The Health Benefits of CBD Oil.
The decision should be determined by whether THC is indicated for the condition you are suffering from.
Chart of the Medicinal Benefits of Cannabinoids
Hover over the chart to zoom in.
CBD Oil contains only CBD, which has been under intense scrutiny for many years, and its medicinal benefits are well studied and documented. It is often used for conditions such as:
- Arthritis and Inflammation
- Epilepsy and Seizures
- Mental disorders and psychoses
Cannabis Oil contains both CBD and THC, which because of its psychoactive property is less well researched from a medicinal perspective, but is often used for conditions such as:
- Muscle spasticity
- Low appetite
Certain circumstances may prevent one from using cannabis oil containing THC such as:
- The need to maintain concentration and focus.
- Job requirements to undergo routine drug tests (pilots).
- Personal incongruence with the use of prohibited drugs.
CBD products have been legal in South Africa since they first became available on the market. This is mainly because of the lack of THC, which is the psychoactive compound which causes a sense of intoxication when consumed.
For a more in-depth discussion on this topic, check out our article CBD Oil in South Africa.
We naturally find ourselves asking whether CBD has the same benefits for our pet friends as it does for us. From a scientific perspective, cats, dogs and most mammals for that matter have similar anatomy to humans, and therefore also have an endocannabinoid system that modulates their physiology and psychology.
For a more in-depth discussion on this topic, check out our article CBD Oil for Pets.
CBD oil is most commonly taken orally as drops. Take your drops sublingually, or under your tongue and hold there for around a minute before swallowing to allow the drops to be diffused through the mucous membranes beneath your tongue. Because there are a great many capillaries under the tongue, it has a direct route into your bloodstream, allowing it to work faster and more efficiently.
Taking your drops sublingually is preferable to swallowing immediately, as it must first pass through your gastrointestinal tract, the stomach and the intestines where most absorption takes place, but also where some of the CBD may be destroyed stomach acids. Then it is filtered by the liver before entering the bloodstream. CBD capsules can be swallowed immediately and are preferred by those that can’t handle the taste of CBD, but it should be noted that higher dosages may be required as less of the CBD may enter the bloodstream as a result of the destructive effects of the digestive system.
Ideally, your dosage should be prescribed by qualified and experienced healthcare professional. Various brands have products offering different strengths. Also, different conditions require different dosages to be effective, and some people may need more than others to have the desired effect. Typically, one should start with the recommended dose for a week and build up weekly in small increments until no further benefit is felt. Then, gradually reduce the dosage incrementally until you find an ideal dosage for the desired effect.
While there is no RDA or officially recommended dose for CBD, there are various clinical studies, research papers and resources from which such information can be drawn:
- Preventative: Up to 10mg/day
- Anxiety: 15 – 25mg/day (Source: Reddit Dosage question about help with anxiety)
- Cancer: 500mg-1000+mg/day or 10mg/kg/day (Source: Cannabidiol as potential anticancer drug)
- Chronic Pain: 2.5 – 20mg/day (Source: Cannabinoids as novel anti-inflammatory drugs)
- Epilepsy: 200 – 300mg/day or 20mg/kg (Source: Trial of Cannabidiol for Drug-Resistant Seizures in the Dravet Syndrome)
- Glaucoma: 15 – 40mg/day (Source: Neuroprotective Effect of(−)Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol and Cannabidiol in N-Methyl-d-Aspartate-Induced Retinal Neurotoxicity)
- Sleep Disorders: 50 – 150mg/day (Source: Effectiveness of Cannabidiol Oil for Pediatric Anxiety and Insomnia as Part of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Case Report)
- Schizophrenia: 400 – 1250mg/day (Source: A Four-week Clinical Trial Investigating Efficacy and Safety of Cannabidiol as a Treatment for Acutely Ill Schizophrenic Patients)
What are People Saying?
Constance Le Roux
I'm a single mom and cancer survivor, and I want to tell you that you can take action to beat cancer. I'm confident that CBD played an important role in my recovery and remission and I still take it daily.
I thougt that CBD was a bit of a luxury buy and I did actually go on a limb buying it, but I must say that since I've been taking it, I really do sleep so much better.
Rogier de la Porte
I've been using CBD for a while now to help with my migraines and it works! I started with CBD oil and then tried liposomal CBD and even when I do have a migraine, it's so much less painful.
I'd already been sold on the idea of CBD oil, but I hadn't been able to get hold of any. I found these guys while browsing the web and I bought the Cannaco product. I must say that their service has been really good and so far my debilitating pms has been kept at bay.
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While there is much information to absorb on the subject, there is little doubt that CBD truly is one of the wonders of the plant world. It would almost seem that the health benefits of CBD are too good to be true, but scientific studies are now bolstering what was once just anecdotal evidence for the effectiveness of CBD in the treatment of so many ailments and maladies. If you are interested in CBD oil and would like to know more, please do feel free to contact our customer service team at email@example.com, or click the chat button on our website.