CBD Oil: The Uncomplicated Essential Guide
This guide is intended to be an intensive discourse into the subject of CBD supplements for the natural treatment of various conditions. We have written this article for consumption by the layperson with little or no knowledge of the issue.
It has been written for those who have an interest in either merely finding out more, or who are looking for the best option for themselves or others. For this purpose, we have kept medical and scientific jargon to a minimum. However, we have included explanations for the terms that we have used.
Because the topic of CBD is so vast, we have reduced the length of this mega-article. We’ve moved the more detailed information into sub-articles below so that you can more efficiently process the overview information and delve into the more detailed articles at will.
Cannabidiol, otherwise known as CBD, is the active ingredient in CBD oil. It is one of over a hundred compounds found in the cannabis plant that belongs to a class of substances called cannabinoids. Cannabidiol is the cannabinoid that has been found to exhibit many medicinal benefits for many conditions.
Delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol, otherwise known as THC, is typically only found in minute amounts in CBD oil. While Tetrahydrocannabinol is the cannabinoid that has a psychotropic or intoxicating effect in users, it has also been found to exhibit medicinal benefits for certain conditions.
CBD and THC are the two most abundant cannabinoids in cannabis. Cannabidiol (CBD) is well known for its many medicinal benefits. Delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is probably the most well known of the cannabinoids because of its psychotropic activity or psychoactive effect, causing a sensation of intoxication in users. These are two of the most abundant of over a hundred identified cannabinoid substances within the cannabis plant.
You may well be confused by the terminology, in terms of what is meant by cannabinoids and how they differ from cannabis. Cannabinoids are a class of several chemical compounds that act on the cannabinoid receptors in cells that modify the release of neurotransmitters in the brain. Cannabis, on the other hand, is a type of plant, of which marijuana and hemp are varieties.
CBD oil is typically made from hemp, a variety of the cannabis plant that has high levels of Cannabidiol (CBD) and very low levels of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) usually <0.03%, making it non-psychoactive. It is otherwise known as cannabidiol oil or CBD hemp oil.
For a more in-depth discussion on this topic, check out our article What is CBD Oil?
Before 2014, CBD was only available as a constituent of medical cannabis or cannabis oil, which typically has a significant THC content. While this remains a popular option, both legality issues and the unwanted high from THC led to the first CBD extracts from hemp. Cannabis extracts with high concentrations of THC are usually known by various names such as medical cannabis, medical marijuana, cannabis oil, marijuana oil, or THC oil.
For more information, see our article Cannabis Oil: The Essential Guide
What is CBD Hemp Oil?
CBD Hemp Oil and CBD Oil are effectively the same things as they are both typically produced from the same plant. It is vastly more cost-effective to produce CBD-based products from the hemp plant. The reason for this is that hemp naturally has a high CBD content and very low THC content. Producing such products from the marijuana plant would necessitate the removal of the THC content, which would be a costly process.
What is CBD Hemp Seed Oil?
It is important to note that some manufacturers now produce a CBD hemp seed oil. However, it should not be confused with hemp seed oil as described below. CBD hemp seed oil does contain CBD in a hemp seed oil suspension, as opposed to olive oil, coconut oil or MCT oil.
What is Hemp Seed Oil?
Unlike CBD hemp oil which is extracted from hemp plant matter, hemp seed oil is made from the cold-pressed hemp seeds which contain no CBD or THC. Many experts consider hemp seed oil to be one of the most balanced nutritional oils found in nature. Manufacturers produce hemp seed oil by cold-pressing industrial hemp seeds and extracting the oil. It is a natural source of essential amino acids and omega-3 & 6 essential fatty acids but is virtually free of cannabinoids.
For more information, see our article The Health Benefits of Hemp Seed Oil.
Marijuana and hemp are simply different varieties of the cannabis plant. Hemp, otherwise known as industrial hemp, is commonly used to produce textiles, clothing and rope. It has a very high CBD content combined with a low THC content of typically less than 1%. These days, most manufacturers produce their CBD products using hemp, as a result of the significantly reduced cost of production, as the THC need not be removed from the product.
Marijuana, in contrast, has higher levels of THC, the chemical compound responsible for the “high” that marijuana users experience. Marijuana is used to produce medicinal marijuana or cannabis oil, often used by cancer patients and those experiencing extreme pain.
CBD Oil works because it contains Cannabidiol (CBD) and because the human body contains an Endocannabinoid system, which is a group of cannabinoid receptors located in the brain and throughout the nervous system. Cannabinoids manifest their effects by interacting with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which is responsible for the psychological and physiological effects of cannabinoids.
For a more in-depth discussion on this topic, check out our article How Does CBD Oil Work?
The health benefits are numerous. It exhibits potent antioxidant, analgesic, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory and antipsychotic effects. It alleviates the cognitive decline associated with ageing, and it also reduces the risk of diabetes.
For a more in-depth discussion on this topic, check out our article The Health Benefits of CBD Oil.
The decision should be determined by whether THC is indicated for the condition you are suffering from.
The Medicinal Benefits of Cannabinoids
Hover over the chart to zoom in.
CBD has been under intense scrutiny for many years, and its medicinal benefits are well studied and documented. It is often used for conditions such as:
- Severe and Chronic Pain
- Arthritis and Inflammation
- Epilepsy and Seizures
- Mental disorders and psychoses
THC because of its psychoactive property is less well researched from a medicinal perspective, mainly as a result of its historical prohibition. It is often used for conditions such as:
- Severe and Chronic Pain
- Muscle spasticity
- Low appetite
Certain circumstances may prevent one from using cannabis oil containing THC such as:
- The need to maintain concentration and focus.
- Job requirements to undergo routine drug tests (pilots).
- Personal incongruence with the use of prohibited drugs.
CBD products have been legal in South Africa since they first became available on the market. The reason is because of the lack of THC, which is the psychoactive compound which causes a sense of intoxication when consumed.
For a more in-depth discussion on this topic, check out our article CBD Oil in South Africa.
We naturally find ourselves asking whether CBD has the same benefits for our pet friends as it does for us. From a scientific perspective, cats, dogs and most mammals for that matter have similar anatomy to humans, and therefore also have an endocannabinoid system that modulates their physiology and psychology.
For a more in-depth discussion on this topic, check out our article CBD Oil for Pets.
CBD supplements are most commonly taken orally as drops. Take your drops sublingually, or under your tongue and hold there for around a minute before swallowing to allow the drops to be diffused through the mucous membranes beneath your tongue. Because there are a great many capillaries under the tongue, it has a direct route into your bloodstream, allowing it to work faster and more efficiently.
Taking your drops sublingually is preferable to swallowing immediately. The reason is that it must first pass through your gastrointestinal tract, the stomach and the intestines where most absorption takes place, but also where some of the CBD may be destroyed stomach acids. Then it is filtered by the liver before entering the bloodstream.
CBD capsules can be swallowed immediately and are preferred by those that can’t handle the taste of CBD. It should be noted that however, that higher dosages may be required as less of the CBD may enter the bloodstream as a result of the destructive effects of the digestive system.
Ideally, your dosage should be prescribed by a qualified and experienced healthcare professional. Various brands have products offering different strengths. Also, different conditions require different dosages to be effective, and some people may need more than others to have the desired effect.
Typically, one should start with the recommended dose for a week and build up weekly in small increments until no further benefit is felt. Then, gradually reduce the dosage incrementally until you find an ideal dosage for the desired effect.
While there is no RDA or officially recommended dose for CBD, there are various clinical studies, research papers and resources from which such information can be drawn:
- Preventative: Up to 10mg/day
- Anxiety: 15 – 25mg/day (Source: Reddit Dosage question about help with anxiety)
- Cancer: 500mg-1000+mg/day or 10mg/kg/day (Source: Cannabidiol as potential anticancer drug)
- Chronic Pain: 2.5 – 20mg/day (Source: Cannabinoids as novel anti-inflammatory drugs)
- Epilepsy: 200 – 300mg/day or 20mg/kg (Source: Trial of Cannabidiol for Drug-Resistant Seizures in the Dravet Syndrome)
- Glaucoma: 15 – 40mg/day (Source: Neuroprotective Effect of(−)Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol and Cannabidiol in N-Methyl-d-Aspartate-Induced Retinal Neurotoxicity)
- Sleep Disorders: 50 – 150mg/day (Source: Effectiveness of Cannabidiol Oil for Pediatric Anxiety and Insomnia as Part of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Case Report)
- Schizophrenia: 400 – 1250mg/day (Source: A Four-week Clinical Trial Investigating Efficacy and Safety of Cannabidiol as a Treatment for Acutely Ill Schizophrenic Patients)
What are People Saying?
Rogier de la Porte
I've been using CBD for a while now to help with my migraines and it works! I started with CBD oil and then tried liposomal CBD and even when I do have a migraine, it's so much less painful.
I thougt that CBD was a bit of a luxury buy and I did actually go on a limb buying it, but I must say that since I've been taking it, I really do sleep so much better.
I'd already been sold on the idea of CBD oil, but I hadn't been able to get hold of any. I found these guys while browsing the web and I bought the Cannaco product. I must say that their service has been really good and so far my debilitating pms has been kept at bay.
Constance Le Roux
I'm a single mom and cancer survivor, and I want to tell you that you can take action to beat cancer. I'm confident that CBD played an important role in my recovery and remission and I still take it daily.
Buy it Online at Organica
You can purchase CBD products from our online store, and we will courier your package to your door or a nearby collection point anywhere in South Africa.
Take a look at our most popular CBD products below.
View our complete range of various CBD products:
Want a 10% Discount on Your First Purchase?
Subscribe to our Newsletter!
While there is much information to absorb on the subject, there is little doubt that CBD truly is one of the wonders of the plant world. It would almost seem that the health benefits of CBD are too good to be true. Scientific studies are now bolstering what was once just anecdotal evidence for the effectiveness of CBD in the treatment of so many ailments and maladies.
If you are interested and would like to know more, please do feel free to contact our customer service team at firstname.lastname@example.org, or click the chat button on our website.